Dravidians came to India more than 5,000 years ago. Maybe even 8,000 – 10,000 years ago. They spread out all over North India, from the Indus valley through the entire Ganga basin. This is one theory, the other being that they are indigenous to southern India.
Apparently they were from the ‘Mediterranean’ region. These are supposedly the people from whom many Irishmen, Welshmen, Bretons, Spaniards, some Italians, Greeks, Armenians, Arabs and Indians have descended! It’s hard to believe that the Welsh have mDNA in common with people from the Levant (Mediterranean) region, and the Irish are genetically related to the Basques! And there are many words that Basque has in common with Dravidian languages. Also, the Balochis of Pakistan speak a language called Brahui that shares similarities with Tamil, though explanations offered are controversial. So, how are all these connected?
Today, in India, people who speak Hindi and related languages are considered to be of Aryan origin. Only people who speak Dravidian languages are thought to be of Dravidian descent.
Here’s something I read that is very interesting – and astonishing – because it’s contrary to what people accept as the obvious truth: North Indians living in the region of UP, Bihar and Bengal are also of Dravidian descent!
I recently learned that race and language have been disconnected many times in history due to all the invasions and migrations, as well as racial mixing. Conclusion: race and language are not connected.
Here’s what might’ve happened: For thousands of years people entered India through its north-west frontier. So, only the Dravidians who were settled over there moved south, while Dravidian people from the east of Delhi up to Bengal remained where they were.
That would mean that the people who live in the gangetic plain at present are more likely to be of purely Mediterranean, or Dravidian, descent! Historians say they have preserved their Dravidian appearance, though they are completely Aryanized linguistically, i.e. they speak ‘North Indian’ languages.
While people in the south who speak Dravidian languages may indeed be Dravidian, a lot of people who live in the North and speak Hindi could be genetically more Ancestral South Indian than Ancestral North Indian!
The Dravidians in the gangetic plains seldom seemed to move south, though there are isolated references to groups of people moving south for unknown reasons. For example, the Andhras who lived on the banks of the Yamuna in the 7th century B.C. moved south steadily to their present territory of Andhra Pradesh. However, all Telugu speakers are not Andhras.
At present our country is divided into states on a linguistic basis. But people who speak a particular language may have nothing else in common. Perhaps they began using the dominant language wherever they settled. If I had to give a clearer example, Saraswats are all descended from the same group of people but speak different languages, mostly an original Prakrit, heavily mixed with the language of the region they live in, from Kashmir to Kerala.