Dravidians came to India around 8000-10,000 years ago, and spread out all over North India – from the Indus valley through the entire Ganga basin. This is one theory, the other being that they are indigenous to southern India.
Apparently they were from the ‘Mediterranean’ region. These are the people that many Irishmen, Welshmen, Bretons, Spaniards, some Italians, Greeks, Armenians, Arabs and Indians have descended from – that is, all the dark-haired, dark-eyed people in the world with longish heads and faces, and a slim sort of build!
Today, in India, people who speak Hindi and related languages are considered to be of Aryan origin. Only people who speak Dravidian languages are thought to be of Dravidian descent.
Here’s something I read that is very interesting – and astonishing – because it’s contrary to what people accept as the obvious truth: North Indians living in the region of UP, Bihar and Bengal are also Dravidians!
I recently learned that race and language have been disconnected many times in history due to all the invasions and migrations, as well as racial mixing. Conclusion: race and language are not connected.
Here’s what might’ve happened: Most of the action in India was at the north-west frontier. So, only the Dravidians settled over there moved south, while Dravidian people from the east of Delhi up to Bengal remained where they were.
That would mean that the people who live in the gangetic plain at present are more likely to be of purely Mediterranean, or Dravidian, descent! Historians say they have preserved their Dravidian traits, though they are completely Aryanized linguistically, i.e. they speak ‘North Indian’ languages.
While people in the south who speak Dravidian languages are indeed Dravidian, so are a lot of people who live in the North and speak Hindi!
The Dravidians in the gangetic plains seldom seemed to move south, though there are isolated references to groups of people moving south for unknown reasons. For example, the Andhras who lived on the banks of the Yamuna in the 7th century B.C. moved south steadily to their present territory of Andhra Pradesh. However, all Telugu speakers are not Andhras.
At present our country is divided into states on a linguistic basis. But people who speak a particular language may have nothing else in common. Perhaps they began using the dominant language wherever they settled. If I had to give a clearer example, Saraswats are all descended from the same group of people but speak different languages, mostly an original Prakrit, heavily mixed with the language of the region they live in, from Kashmir to Kerala.