The word ‘mood’ is often used in common parlance to describe an emotional state at a particular time. People’s moods vary a little from day to day but the shifts are not significant. Everyone has a “usual” mood; it may go up or down in response to events, but returns to baseline soon after.
When mood swings are so out of control that you life is completely disrupted it becomes a ‘disorder’.
In a ‘high’ mood, i.e. mania –
- disinhibited behavior – you maybe unaware you are behaving in an unexpected way
- talk excessively and rapidly in a loud voice, laugh and joke inappropriately
- make grandiose plans
- be distracted easily – thoughts may be too fast to pursue any of them to a conclusion
- start several tasks, unable to finish
- impatient, angry and demanding, losing temper if people do not agree with you
In a low mood, i.e. depression
- melancholy for no apparent reason
- exhausted and drowsy all day, yet unable to sleep at night
- difficulty getting out of bed in the morning and attending to work and other activities
- medications called mood-stabilizers, plus antidepressants or tranquilizers depending on prevailing mood
- avoid stress as much as possible
- avoid sleep deprivation